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California Tenant Protections and Relief Act – Rent Control and Relocation Assistance

Prepared By: Melissa C. Marsh, Los Angeles Landlord-Tenant Attorney
Written: September 2019   Add to Favorites

California State Wide Rent Control and Relocation Assistance Enacted
California Tenant Protections & Relief Act

This September (2019), the California legislature approved a statewide rent-cap and relocation assistance bill (A.B. 1482) known as the Tenant Protections and Relief Act, and Governor Gavin Newsom has said he will sign it The new law in effect caps annual rental increases for all multi-unit dwellings built before 2005 at 5% plus the rate of inflation and prohibits California landlords from evicting a tenant without “just cause” absent the payment of relocation expenses.

The bill's limits on rent increases and required relocation assistance payments does NOT apply to residential properties subject to a local rent stabilization ordinance requiring just cause termination adopted on or before September 1, 2019 that is more protective than the provisions below such as West Hollywood’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance or Santa Monica’s Rent Stabilization Ordinance. The provisions of this bill will apply and/or amend the less stringent rules in effect for multi-unit dwellings in Beverly Hills, Glendale, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Inglewood, and Pasadena .

California Annual Rent Increase Limited to 8% for 2019 on all California multi-unit dwellings built before 2005.

Effective as of March 15, 2019 (yes March 15, 2019), the owners of multi-unit residential dwellings built prior to 2005 are prohibited from increasing a California tenant’s rent more than 5% plus the percentage change in the cost of living (presently 3% for 2019), or 10%, whichever is lower, subject to specified conditions. The bill further prohibits an owner of residential multi-unit dwellings from increasing the rent more than 2 times in any 12-month period.

The bill is retroactive. What does this mean? It means that this newly enacted law which did not pass until September of 2019 applies to all prior rent increases that went into effect after March 15, 2019. Thus, if a landlord increased a tenant’s rent by say 10% on April 1, 2019, the 10% rent increase will remain in effect through December 31, 2019, but will revert back to the maximum permissible increase (8%) on January 1, 2020. In effect, the Landlord will not be liable to the tenant for any corresponding rent over-payment through December 31, 2019, but the tenant will be receiving a rent decrease on January 1, 2020.

AB 1482 Prohibits No Fault Evictions in California.

With limited exceptions (discussed below), AB 1482 prohibits a California landlord from evicting a tenant who has resided in a multi-unit residential dwelling for 12 or more months from being evicted without “Just Cause.” What does this mean? It means that the current 60 Day Notice to terminate a tenancy is now null and void. It means that if an exception does exist, the California landlord will need to state a valid reason in a 60 day notice of termination of tenancy, or non-renewal of lease.

What is Just Cause?

Under the newly enacted legislation a landlord has just cause to evict a tenant for any of the following reasons:

  1. Tenant has failed to pay the rent in a timely manner;
  2. Tenant has breached a material term of the Lease as defined in the California Code of Civil Procedure and failed to cure the violation after being given a 3 Day Notice to Cure or Quit;
  3. Tenant is maintaining, committing, or permitting the maintenance or commission of a nuisance as described in the California Code of Civil Procedure Section 1161(4);
  4. Tenant is committing waste as described in the California Code of Civil Procedure Section 1161(4);
  5. Tenant had a written lease that terminated on or after January 1, 2020, and after a written request or demand from the owner, the tenant has refused to execute a written extension or renewal of the lease for an additional term of similar duration with similar provisions, provided that those terms do not violate this section or any other provision of law;
  6. Tenant engaged in criminal activity, or threatened criminal activity (as defined by Penal Code Section 422(a)) on the landlord’s property or in the rental unit;
  7. Tenant has assigned or sublet the premises in violation of the tenant’s lease as described in California Code of Civil Procedure Section 1161(4);
  8. Tenant refused to allow the owner to enter the rental property as permitted under California Civil Code Sections 1954 and 1101.5 and as permitted under California Health and Safety Code Sections 13113.7 and 17926.1;
  9. Tenant is using the premises for an unlawful purpose as described in the California Code of Civil Procedure 1161(4);
  10. The “Tenant” was an employee, agent, or licensee of the Owner and refuses to vacate after their termination as described in California Code of Civil Procedure 1161(1); OR
  11. The Tenant fails to deliver possession of the rental unit after providing the owner written notice of the Tenant’s intent to vacate as provided in Civil Code Section 1946, or after the Tenant made a written offer to surrender the Premises that was accepted in writing by the landlord as described in 1161 of the Code of Civil Procedure Section 1161(5);

In any of the above incidences, the Landlord will be required to provide the Tenant with a properly drafter Three Day Notice to Cure or Quit and if there is a subsequent violation, or non-compliance, a Three Day Notice to Quit.

Just Cause is NOT required for the following types of California residential properties:

  1. Transient or hotel occupancy as defined in California Civil Code Section 1940(b);
  2. Housing accommodations in a nonprofit hospital, religious facility, extended care facility, licensed residential care facility for the elderly as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 1569.2, or an adult residential care facility, as defined in Chapter 6 of Division 6 of Title 22 of the Manual of Policies and Procedures published by the State Department of Social Services;
  3. Dormitories owned and operated by a school;
  4. A landlord’s primary/principal residence where the tenant is sharing either a bathroom or the kitchen facilities with the owner;
  5. Single-family owner-occupied residences, including a residence in which the owner-occupant rents or leases no more than two rooms, including, but not limited to, an accessory dwelling unit or a junior accessory dwelling unit;
  6. A duplex if the Owner owner-occupies one of the two units as the owner’s principal place of residence at the beginning of the tenancy, and remains in such owner occupancy;
  7. Housing that has been issued a certificate of occupancy within the previous 15 years; and
  8. Single family residences, condominiums, and townhomes IF: (1) the Owner is an individual and not a corporation or a limited liability company in which any member of the LLC is a corporation AND (2) The tenants have been provided written notice that the rental property is exempt from this section using the following statement in 12 Point Type:
"This property is not subject to the rent limits imposed by Section 1947.12 of the Civil Code and is not subject to the just cause requirements of Section 1946.2 of the Civil Code. This property meets the requirements of Sections 1947.12 (d)(5) and 1946.2 (e)(8) of the Civil Code and the owner is not any of the following: (1) a real estate investment trust, as defined by Section 856 of the Internal Revenue Code; (2) a corporation; or (3) a limited liability company in which at least one member is a corporation."

For a tenancy that began before July 1, 2020, the notice above may, but is not required to, be provided in the rental agreement, and if not in the rental agreement must be provided by written notice to the tenant no later than August 1, 2020, or as an addendum to the lease or rental agreement. For any tenancy that begins or renews on or after July 1, 2020, the notice must be provided in the rental agreement, or as an addendum to the rental agreement.

New Notice Required to Be Given to All California Tenants by August 1, 2020

If the California landlord has a rental property that is subject to this Ordinance, then the Owner must provide the following notice to new tenant in 12 point type in the Lease, and for existing tenants by a formal written notice signed by both the landlord and tenant, or as an addendum to the Lease, as follows:

"California law limits the amount your rent can be increased. See Section 1947.12 of the Civil Code for more information. California law also provides that after all of the tenants have continuously and lawfully occupied the property for 12 months or more or at least one of the tenants has continuously and lawfully occupied the property for 24 months or more, a landlord must provide a statement of cause in any notice to terminate a tenancy. See Section 1946.2 of the Civil Code for more information."

California Now Requires Relocation Assistance Payment to Tenants for Allowable No-Fault Evictions.

Although the new law essentially prohibits a California residential landlord from terminating a tenancy without just cause, as set forth above, there are some exceptions.

A Landlord may initiate a no-fault termination of tenancy with the payment of Relocation Assistance for any one of the following reasons:

  1. The Owner seeks to owner-occupy the residential property, or have their spouse, domestic partner, children, grandchildren, parents or grandparents occupy the premises, but for leases entered into on or after July 1, 2020, owner occupancy shall only be allowed IF either: (a) the tenant agrees, in writing, to the termination, or (b) a provision in the lease allows the owner to terminate the lease if the owner, or their spouse, domestic partner, children, grandchildren, parents, or grandparents, unilaterally decides to occupy the Premises;
  2. The Owner seeks to withdrawal of the residential property from the rental market;
  3. The Owner is complying with any of the following: (a) a government order to comply that necessitates the tenant vacate the premises; (b) a government or court order; or (c) a local ordinance; OR
  4. The Owner is seeking to demolish or substantially remodel the rental property (Note: substantial remodel is defined to mean upgrading structural, electrical, plumbing, or mechanical system that requires a permit from a governmental agency, or the abatement of hazardous materials, including lead-based paint, mold, or asbestos, in accordance with applicable federal, state, and local laws, that cannot be reasonably accomplished in a safe manner with the tenant in place and that requires the tenant to vacate the residential real property for at least 30 days. Cosmetic improvements alone, including painting, decorating, and minor repairs, or other work that can be performed safely without having the residential real property vacated, do not qualify as substantial rehabilitation.

The amount of relocation assistance, or rent waiver, required is one month's rent as in effect when the owner issued the notice to terminate the tenancy and must be paid to the Tenant within 15 calendar days of service of the Notice Terminating the Tenancy.

The newly enacted California Tenant Protections and Relief Act Also Changes the Requirements for Almost ALL 3 Day Notices to Cure or Quit, which now must be followed by a Three Day Notice to Quit as well as for all 30 and 60 Day Notices to Terminate Tenancy. In addition, the new law requires many landlords to either add additional language to their leases, and to provide existing tenants with a specific notice in 12 point type. California Landlords should immediately update their leases (especially for all buildings that are not subject to local rent control rules)!

If you would like to have Melissa Marsh, a Los Angeles, California Landlord and Tenant attorney with over 20 years experience, explain how these new state wide rental laws may impact you, please schedule a low cost 30 minute Telephone Consultation

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© 2019 Melissa C. Marsh. All Rights Reserved.


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Disclaimer: The information presented on this web site was prepared by Melissa C. Marsh for general informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. The information provided in my articles and alerts should not be relied upon, or used as a substitute for professional legal advice from an attorney you retain to advise or represent you. Your use of this Internet site does not create an attorney- client relationship. Transmission of this article is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. All uses of the contents of this site, other than personal uses, are prohibited. You may print or email a copy of any information posted on this web site for your own personal, non-commercial, use, but you may not publish any of the articles or posts on this web site without the Express Written Permission of Melissa C. Marsh.


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Located in Los Angeles, California, the Law Office of Melissa C. Marsh handles business law and corporation law matters as a lawyer for clients throughout Los Angeles including Burbank, Sherman Oaks, Studio City, Valley Village, North Hollywood, Woodland Hills, Hollywood, West LA as well as Riverside County, San Fernando, Ventura County, and Santa Clarita. Attorney Melissa C. Marsh has considerable experience handling business matters both nationally and internationally. We routinely assist our clients with incorporation, forming a California corporation, forming a California llc, partnership, annual minutes, shareholder meetings, director meetings, getting a taxpayer ID number (EIN), buying a business, selling a business, commercial lease review, employee disputes, independent contractors, construction, and personal matters such as preparing a will, living trust, power of attorney, health care directive, and more.